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IASbaba’s Daily Current Affairs – 18th September, 2015-हिंदी

  • September 20, 2015
  • 1
IASbaba's Daily Current Affairs Analysis, IASbaba's Daily Current Affairs September 2015, National, UPSC
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IASbaba’s Daily Current Affairs- 18th September, 2015?????

 

NATIONAL

 

The LGBT agenda in India

  • ???? ?? 43 ???? ??? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?? , ??lgbt-min ??????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?
  • ???? ??? ????????, ???????? ?? ??????????? (????????) ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???
  • ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???

LGBT in India : Statutory status

  • ?????? XVI,1860 ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? 377 ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??,????? ???????? ?????????? ???? “??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ‘??? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ????
  • ???? 377- ?????????? ?????: ???????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????, ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? , ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??,?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ?????
  • {Explanation: Penetration is sufficient to constitute the carnal intercourse necessary to the offense described in this section.}

???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????:

  • ??? ???????? (??????) ??????, ?? ?????????? ????, ????? 2001 ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?
  • 2 ????? 2009 ?? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? 150 ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????,??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??? ???? ????
  • ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??,
  • ???? ???????? ?? ????
  • ?????,11?????? 2013 ?? ,???? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? 2009 ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? “??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???, ?? ???? 377 ?????? ????????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??”?

 

Analysis of the judgement :

  • ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? |
  • ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?
  • ???? ?????,?? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????, ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???
  • ?? ???? 377 ?? ???? ???? ??, ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ,?? ?????? / ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????,????? ??? ?? (??????) ?? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? |.
  • ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???

Way Forward:

  • ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? – ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? —  ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????????, ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??,  ??? ?? ??? ???  ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ????????? ??? ???

Connecting the dots:

  • ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????
  • ????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???????

 

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): Skilling the gaps

2020 ??, ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????,  ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? 45 ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? , ???? ??????? ???????????? ?? 56 ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????

?? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???,???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????

??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????, ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???:

  • ???? (????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????;?? 15 ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ),?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?
  • ASER (Annual status of education report)- 5-16 ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??(unable to do basic 2-digit carry forward subtraction).
  • ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? 10 ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? 17 ??????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ????
  • NCARE ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????, ???? ??? ???? 10 ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???

?????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????

??? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????

???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ????,?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???

????? ???????????? ?? ?????, ???? ??????? ???? ???,???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????,????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???

  • ????? ??? ?????? ??????? (MOOCs), ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???? ????
  • ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??, ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????

 

What are Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)?

  • ??? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????
  • ‘?????? ?? ??????? ?????’ ‘??? ??? ??????? ????? ????????’, ‘???????? ????????’, ‘????????? ??????? ????????’, ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? MOOC ??? ?? ???? ??? ????
  • ???????????, ????????, ??????, ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????????
  • ??????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? MOOC ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????

?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???

??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???, ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ???

???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???,

  • Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
  • Technical Quality Education Improvement Program (TEQUIP)
  • National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF)
  • Department of Skill Development and entrepreneurship has been created under Ministry of skill development, Entrepreneurship, youth affairs and sports.
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Koushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is a placement linked skill development scheme for poor rural youth.
  • NaiManzil for education and skill development of dropouts;
  • Upgrading Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development (USTTAD) to conserve traditional art/crafts and build capacity of traditional artisans and craftsmen belonging to minority communities.
  • NaiRoshni, a leadership training programme for women
  • MANAS for upgrading entrepreneurial skills of minority youths.

Source: Economic survey 14-15

Connecting dots:

  • ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???
  • ???? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? |
  • ???? ?? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ????

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