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India has given a strong message to the developed countries that lifestyles of a few must not crowd out opportunities for developing countries and the burden of reducing carbon emissions should not be shifted to countries like India. India and other developing countries should not be taxed for what the developed countries have been doing all these years.
China emits about 30% of the world’s GHG and the US about 16%.
Though India is not a major contributor to the climate change, it is willing to put all the efforts that it can, to mitigate the adverse effects.
India’s per capita energy consumption is 1/3rd of the world average
India has set a target of 175GW of renewable energy by 2022. India is also aiming 1/3rd reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. Also, 40% of electricity will be generated from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
India has committed to start International Solar Alliance to expand solar energy usage, though India has huge reserves of coal. This shows the seriousness of India’s commitment to mitigate climate change.
At the Paris conference, more than 175 nations have submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to reduce carbon emissions, which collectively can reduce the rise of global temperatures to below 2.7 degrees Celsius. But the UN has pledged to reduce it below 2 degree Celsius.
India wants the developed nations to make available and accessible the alternative energies and technologies at affordable costs.