Various Aspect of Energy Conservation
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General Studies 2
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
General Studies 3
- Infrastructure: Energy
Oil and gas conservation week
Oil is important as energy source in life. Without energy, the modern lifestyle or even the ordinary lifestyle cannot survive. Energy is vital for existence of human being. Oil conservation week is celebrated every year, from 4th of January to the 10th of January, by the people worldwide in order to increase the awareness all across the world regarding to the importance of conservation of the petroleum products.
Oil is essential
Oil is a conventional energy resource and is finite. Oil stock of the planet is estimated to exist only for next 65 years. Government of India has taken a pledge to reduce 10% of oil imports and India being energy deficient country and oil deficient country, most of the oil requirements are imported. In such situation, conservation is very vital.
However, there are certain scientific operations and activities for which oil is essential. Renewable energy cannot replace them in those kind of scientific resources.
Today, petroleum products are being used by the people in many ways such as power plants, industries, fertilizer, commercial, domestic, transport sectors and so many. In first seven months of the current financial year 2017-18, the petrol and diesel consumption in India posted a growth of 9.2% and 5% respectively. Thus there is constant huge demand for the fuel consumption.
- The population is increasing
- The living standards are improving
- The average expectations are rising
In such a situation, there is aspiration for a comfortable lifestyle for which energy is vital input.
Prefer the new- Renewable energy
Renewable is preferred as it doesn’t emit carbon and other GHGs.
Ethanol blending or biofuel mixing are options to provide for automobile energy as these are future generation related energy resources.
Electric vehicle is going to be one of the biggest flagbearer of promoting renewable energy when fossil fuels will no longer be considered for transportation.
Contribution of common man to conserve energy
Energy conservation means energy generated. India is heavily dependent on import of crude oil and it is needed to bring down the crude oil import by 10% in next few years.
This may help India financially, help increase the domestic production, increase the share of renewable energy in the mix. In this effort, the common man has to also support the government initiatives. If people will not know how to conserve energy, no one will be able to conserve it.
- Vehicle standing idle should be shut down.
- Cooking processes should be fuel efficient.
- Heat from industrial process can be recycled and energy be conserved.
- Tree plantation to conserve the forests
- Children can be the ambassadors for existence of humanity.
Whatever is required for sustenance and meaningful objective is welcome but wasting of oil cannot be tolerated. Any form of energy cannot be wasted- financially it is loss making and create a question of its sustainability. To protect our own existence and interest, there is a need to protect the earth. The trees will inhale GHGs and conserve it as biomass in their body and in return they will give oxygen which will purify the air and help the people.
ndia should depend more on clean and renewable energy and seek to develop technology for the same. For eg. In solar energy, the latest tender in Madhya Pradesh revealed that the cost per unit of solar energy is 2.43 rupees. It is less than half of the cost of thermal power unit. If the market will be competitive and the cost of renewable energy will go down then automatically, oil and gas deposits will be available for longer period and renewable energy will take over the conventional energy.
India in its INDCs at Paris agreement had committed that 40% of India’s energy mix will come from renewable and non-fossil fuel sources life hydro, nuclear, solar etc. Now is the time to bring forward the efforts to conserve energy on a warfront basis.
Connecting the dots:
- ‘To conserve energy is to assure for a sustainable future’. Critically analyse.