Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment Conservation
- CCPI measures the emissions, renewable energy share and climate policies of 57 countries and the European Union, collectively responsible for about 90% of the global GHG emissions.
- It is released annually after analysing four parameters – greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, renewable energy, climate policy and energy use
- The CCPI 2020 is released by three international NGOs – German watch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network
- India for the first time ranks among the top ten countries in the index. It has improved its ranking from 11th last year to ninth this year
- It found the U.S. ranks last, followed by Saudi Arabia and Australia, although several countries did report falls in emissions last year, largely due to an industry-wide fade out of coal
- While climate performance varied greatly, the report found that none of the countries surveyed were currently on a path compatible with the Paris climate goals.
- The 2015 Paris accord saw nations agree to work towards limiting global temperature rises to “well below” two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.