Genome of Indian Cobra mapped

  • IASbaba
  • January 9, 2020
  • 0
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Genome of Indian Cobra mapped

Part of: GS Prelims- Government Schemes and GS Mains III-Science & Technology

In News

  • Researchers have mapped the genome of cobra which will help in understanding the chemical constituents of the snake venom and contribute to development of new anti-venom therapies.

What is Gene?

  • Gene is part of chromosome, a unit of heredity which is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
  • A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes

Value addition for Prelims

  • Genome India Initiative is a project by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology that involves scanning of 20,000 Indian individual’s genomes (in the next five years 2019-24)
  • Objective: To develop diagnostic tests and effective therapies for treating diseases (such as cancer)

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