Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Modern history
- Lord Curzon, India’s Viceroy between 1899 and 1905, was one of the most controversial and consequential holders of that post.
- The partition of the undivided Bengal Presidency in 1905 was one of Curzon’s most criticised moves, which gave impetus to the freedom movement (Swadeshi movement)
- Partition was finally reversed in 1911 by Lord Hardinge in the face of unrelenting opposition.
- He became the youngest Viceroy of India in 1899 at age 39, and remained in office until his resignation in 1905.