Nepal PM positive of resolving all ‘pending issues’ with India
Part of: GS International and GS-II – India’s Foreign relations
- Nepal Prime Minister said bilateral disputes with India should be dealt with dialogue, indicating Kathmandu’s political willingness to resolve the row over the Kalapani territorial issue.
- The Kalapani issue was reignited after India published a new political map in November 2019 that displayed its continued position over the territory as part of Uttarakhand.
From Prelims Point of view:
Kalapani territorial issue:
- Kalapani is a valley that is administered by India as a part of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand. It is situated on the Kailash Mansarovar route.
- The Kali River in the Kalapani region demarcates the border between India and Nepal.
- The Treaty of Sugauli signed by the Kingdom of Nepal and British India (after Anglo-Nepalese War) in 1816 located the Kali River as Nepal’s western boundary with India.
- Kalapani has been controlled by India’s Indo-Tibetan Border Police since the Sino-Indian War with China in 1962
- The discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal, with each country producing maps supporting their own claims.
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