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Habitat loss felled leopards

  • IASbaba
  • February 8, 2020
  • 0
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Habitat loss felled leopards

Part of: GS Prelims –Environment  and GS-III- Conservation

In news:

  • India’s leopard population is only a tenth of what it was  over a century ago
  • Due to human pressures, conflicts with humans, poaching, habitat loss and availability of prey 
  • Scientists say that an initiative similar to ‘Project Tiger’ is required 
  • Decline of 75% to 90% between 120 and 200 years ago, 
  • Centre for Wildlife Studies & Wildlife Institute of India Reports

From Prelims Point of View:

Project Tiger:

  • Project Tiger was launched in Jim Corbett National Park of Uttarakhand in 1973.
  • Tiger reserves are governed by the Project Tiger (1973).
  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • Administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  • Aim: Protect tigers from extinction by ensuring a viable population in their natural habitats.
  • Government has set up a Tiger Protection Force under PT to combat poachers.
  • PT funds relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.

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