Habitat loss felled leopards
Part of: GS Prelims –Environment and GS-III- Conservation
- India’s leopard population is only a tenth of what it was over a century ago
- Due to human pressures, conflicts with humans, poaching, habitat loss and availability of prey
- Scientists say that an initiative similar to ‘Project Tiger’ is required
- Decline of 75% to 90% between 120 and 200 years ago,
- Centre for Wildlife Studies & Wildlife Institute of India Reports
From Prelims Point of View:
- Project Tiger was launched in Jim Corbett National Park of Uttarakhand in 1973.
- Tiger reserves are governed by the Project Tiger (1973).
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
- Administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
- Aim: Protect tigers from extinction by ensuring a viable population in their natural habitats.
- Government has set up a Tiger Protection Force under PT to combat poachers.
- PT funds relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.