Indian Council of Medical Research and COVID-19 Testing

  • IASbaba
  • March 18, 2020
  • 0
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Indian Council of Medical Research and COVID-19 Testing

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance

In News:

  • ICMR has decided to monitor community transmission by random sampling rather than expanding testing. 
  • This decision has been taken to avoid “futile testing” as well as hospitalisation for mildly symptomatic, positive patients.

Four Stages of Transmission of COVID-19

  • Stage 1-Imported Transmission
  • Stage 2-Local Transmission
    • Transmission through direct contact with an infected person within the country.
  • Stage 3-Community Transmission
    • It signifies that a virus is circulating in the community and can affect people with no history of travel to affected areas or of contact with an infected person.
    • India’s strategy on social distancing and isolation is aimed at checking community transmission.
  • Stage 4- Epidemic
    • An epidemic is a large outbreak, one that spreads among a population or region.
    • It is less severe than pandemic due to a limited area of spread.

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