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Katkari tribe generate income through Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana 

  • IASbaba
  • May 28, 2020
  • 0
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Katkari tribe generate income through Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana 

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-I – Culture & GS-II – Welfare schemes

In News:

  • Katkari tribal youth from Shahpur in Maharashtra were in news recently for selling Giloy and other products online during lockdown
  • They received help under the Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY). 
  • Giloy is an Ayurvedic herb that has been used and advocated in Indian medicine for ages.

Important value additions 

Katkari tribe 

  • The Katkari are an Indian Tribe mostly belonging to the state of Maharashtra
  • Katkari is one of the 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • The Madia Gond and the Kolam are other tribal groups included in this group.
  • Their vulnerability derives from their history as a nomadic, forest-dwelling people.
  • They were listed by the British Raj under the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871
  • They are subjected to the stigma even to this day. 
  • Presently, the Katkari are a fragmented and very scattered community. 
  • They are highly dependent on others for their livelihoods.
  • Most Katkari are landless workers.

The Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY)

  • It was launched in 2018.
  • The scheme is run by the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED).
  • It is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribals by harnessing the wealth of forest i.e. Van Dhan. 
  • The programme aims to tap into traditional knowledge & skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT to upgrade it at each stage. 
  • The initiative shall provide enhanced livelihood to about 45 lakhs tribal gatherers in one year. 
  • Tribal community owned Minor Forest Produce (MFP)-centric multi-purpose Van Dhan Vikas Kendras (the Kendra) are set up.
  • Essential Features of the PMVDY:
    • The State Nodal Department will have the flexibility to appoint any State Implementing Agency / District Implementing Unit for implementation of the PMVDY in the State and District levels. 
    • The Kendras would act as common facility centres for procurement cum value addition to locally available MFPs. 
    • A typical Van Dhan Vikas Kendra shall constitute of 15 tribal Van Dhan Self Help Groups (SHG)

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