National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – Health
- The National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020 was recently released.
- Released by: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru.
- Number of Cases: Cancer cases in India are likely to increase by 12% to 15.6 lakhs by 2025.
- Major Cause: Tobacco-related cancers (27.1% of the total cancer burden)
- Regional Distribution: Highest in the northeastern region and in higher proportions in men.
- Gender Prevalence:
- Most common cancers among women: breast cancers (14.8%) and cervical cancer (5.4%).
- Most common cancers among men: Lung, mouth, stomach and oesophagus cancers
- A significant increase in the incidence rates of breast cancers in women and lung, head and neck cancers in both men and women was observed.
- A declining trend was seen in most of the cervical cancer.
Important value additions
- A type of disease characterized by the growth of abnormal cells beyond their usual boundaries
- It is one of the leading causes of death globally.
- World Cancer Day celebrated each year on 4th February.
- 2020 theme: ‘I Am and I Will’.