NITI Aayog at an advanced stage for preparation of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Poverty and related issues & GS-III- Economy
- NITI Aayog is at an advanced stage for preparation of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) parameter dashboard to rank states and Union Territories, along with a State Reform Action Plan (SRAP).
- As the Nodal agency for the MPI, NITI Aayog has constituted a Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC).
- The MPICC, chaired by Ms Sanyukta Samaddar, Adviser (SDG) has members from relevant Line Ministries and Departments.
- The committee held its first meeting on September 2, 2020.
Important value additions
The Global MPI
- The Global MPI is part of the government’s decision to monitor the performance of the country on 29 select global indices.
- It is an international measure of multidimensional poverty covering 107 developing countries.
- It was first developed in 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative and United Nations Development Programme.
- It is released at the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development of the United Nations in July, every year.
- The dimensions of poverty range from deprivations of health facilities, education and living standards.
- It is computed by scoring each surveyed household on 10 parameters based on -nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing and household assets.