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NITI Aayog at an advanced stage for preparation of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

  • IASbaba
  • September 11, 2020
  • 0
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NITI Aayog at an advanced stage for preparation of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Poverty and related issues & GS-III- Economy

In news

  • NITI Aayog is at an advanced stage for preparation of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) parameter dashboard to rank states and Union Territories, along with a State Reform Action Plan (SRAP).

Key takeaways

  • As the Nodal agency for the MPI, NITI Aayog has constituted a Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC). 
  • The MPICC, chaired by Ms Sanyukta Samaddar, Adviser (SDG) has members from relevant Line Ministries and Departments. 
  • The committee held its first meeting on September 2, 2020.

Important value additions

The Global MPI 

  • The Global MPI is part of the government’s decision to monitor the performance of the country on 29 select global indices.
  • It is an international measure of multidimensional poverty covering 107 developing countries. 
  • It was first developed in 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative and United Nations Development Programme.
  • It is released at the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development of the United Nations in July, every year.
  • The dimensions of poverty range from deprivations of health facilities, education and living standards.
  • It is computed by scoring each surveyed household on 10 parameters based on -nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing and household assets.

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