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Possibility of Common Electoral Roll discussed

  • IASbaba
  • September 1, 2020
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Possibility of Common Electoral Roll discussed

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – Polity & Governance

In News:

  • Recently, the possibility of having a common electoral roll for elections to the panchayat, municipality, state assembly and the Lok Sabha were discussed by the Indian Central government. 

Important value additions 

  • In many states, the voters’ list for the panchayat and municipality elections is different from the one used for Parliament and Assembly elections.
  • The supervision and conduct of elections are supervised by two authorities — the Election Commission (EC) and the State Election Commissions (SECs).

  • EC: Supervise elections to the President and Vice-President offices, and to Parliament, the state assemblies and the legislative councils.
  • SECs: Supervise municipal and panchayat elections. 
  • They are free to prepare their own electoral rolls for local body elections, and this exercise does not have to be coordinated with the EC. 
  • Each SEC is governed by a separate state Act.

Do you know? 

  • Currently, all states, except Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Odisha, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and the Union Territory of J&K, adopt EC’s rolls for local body polls.
  • The pitch for a single voters list is not new. 
  • The Law Commission recommended it in its 255th report in 2015. 
  • The EC too adopted a similar stance in 1999 and 2004.

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