Species in news: Indian Gaur

  • IASbaba
  • December 16, 2020
  • 0
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Species in news: Indian Gaur

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Biodiversity

In news

  • Indian Bison was in news recently.
  • It was seen in Pune’s urban landscape which led to its capture and consequently died due to injury.
  • The sad news of its death has put the spotlight on human-Gaur conflict in the country.

Important value addition

Indian Gaur

  • Scientific Name: Bos Gaurus.
  • It is one of the largest extant bovines. 
  • It is one of the largest species among the wild cattle.
  • Habitat: Gaurs are found on the forested hills and grassy areas of South to South-East Asia.
  • They are found in India, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.
  • The Western Ghats in southern India constitute one of the most extensive extant strongholds of gaur, in particular in the Wayanad – Nagarhole – Mudumalai – Bandipur complex.
  • The gaur is the State Animal of Goa and Bihar.
  • IUCN status: Vulnerable 
  • The Indian Government has included it in the Schedule I of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972.
  • It is listed in CITES Appendix I.

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