The 2nd Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) inaugurated

  • IASbaba
  • December 6, 2020
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The 2nd Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) inaugurated

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health

In news

  • The Ministry of Science & Technology has inaugurated the 2nd Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) 2020 Conference.

Key takeaways

  • TCGA is a landmark project started in 2005 by the US-based National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI).
  • The idea was to make a catalogue of the genetic mutations that cause cancer.
  • Tumour samples and blood samples were collected from patients.
  • They were processed using gene sequencing and bioinformatics.
  • The TCGA has generated over 2.5 petabytes of data for over 11,000 patients.
  • The data has been used to develop new approaches to diagnose, treat and prevent cancer.
  • Indian Cancer Genome Atlas (ICGA) has also been initiated in India by a consortium of key stakeholders led by CSIR in which several government agencies, cancer hospitals, academic institutions and private sector partners.
  • Aim: To improve clinical outcomes in cancer and other chronic diseases.

Do you know?

  • According to the World Cancer Report by the WHO, one in 10 Indians develops cancer during their lifetime and one in 15 dies of the disease.

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