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India-Nepal Developments

  • IASbaba
  • January 20, 2021
  • 0
UPSC Articles
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INTERNATIONAL / SECURITY

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • India and its neighbourhood

India-Nepal Developments

Relations

  • Close cooperation between the two sides in combating the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Early provision of vaccines to Nepal.
  • Expansion of the Motihari-Amlekhganj petroleum products pipeline to Chitwan
  • Establishment of a new pipeline on the eastern side connecting Siliguri to Jhapa in Nepal
  • Upgraded first passenger railway line between India and Nepal from Jaynagar to Kurtha via Janakpur
  • Cross-border rail connectivity projects, including a possible Raxaul-Kathmandu broad gauge railway line
  • Joint hydropower projects, including the proposed Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project
  • Nepal expressed support for India’s permanent membership of an expanded UN Security Council (UNSC) to reflect the changed balance of power.

Way Ahead

  • Need for facilitating cross-border movement of people and goods
  • Recently inaugurated Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) at Birgunj and Biratnagar have helped in the seamless movement of people and trade between the two countries.
  • Nepal relies on India’s seaports in a big way for trading, and goods are transported by road, the integrated check posts are expected to ease trade and transit.
  • India’s support to two more cultural heritage projects in Nepal, namely, the Pashupatinath Riverfront Development and the Bhandarkhal Garden Restoration in Patan Durbar.
  • India’s Nepal policy is heading very clearly towards deeper engagement with all sections.

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