National Research Centre For Makhana

  • IASbaba
  • February 11, 2021
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National Research Centre For Makhana

Part of: GS Prelims and GS- III – Agriculture

In news

  • Union Minister of Agriculture informed Lok Sabha about National Research Centre for Makhana.

Key takeaways 

  • ICAR-National Research Centre (NRC) for Makhana, Darbhanga (Bihar) was sanctioned by the Department of Agricultural Research & Education, Govt. of India, as a new scheme during the 9th Five Year Plan period (1997–2002) for Conservation, Research & Development of the Makhana crop.
  • However, during the 10th plan period (2002-2007), the NRC for Makhana was merged and brought under the administrative control of ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region (RCER), Patna, without changing the mandate.
  • Darbhanga in particular and Mithila, in general, is the major Makhana producing region in the country.

Important value additions 

  • In India, makhana cultivation takes place mainly in West Bengal, Bihar, Manipur, Tripura, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and UP. 
  • But, Bihar alone is the largest producer of Makhana with 90 percent of overall production across the world.
  • It belongs to the Nymphaeaceae family. 
  • It is a perennial plant. 
  • It grows in stagnant water like ponds, swamps, and wetlands in the tropical climatic areas very much similar to the lotus. 

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