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State of World Population report 2021

  • IASbaba
  • April 17, 2021
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State of World Population report 2021

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – I – Society; GS-II – International Relations 

In news

Key takeaways 

  • This is the first time a United Nations report has focused on bodily autonomy. 
  • Bodily autonomy is defined as the power and agency to make choices about your body without the fear of violence or having someone else decide for you.
  • Nearly half the women from 57 developing countries do not have the right to make decisions regarding their bodies, including using contraception, seeking healthcare or even on their sexuality.
  • In countries where data is available, only 55% of women are fully empowered to make choices over healthcare, contraception and the ability to say yes or no to sex. 
  • Only 75% of countries legally ensure full and equal access to contraception.
  • Some examples of violation of bodily autonomy include, child marriage, female genital mutilation, a lack of contraceptive choices leading to unplanned pregnancy, unwanted sex exchanged for a home and food
  • Under its ambit also fall people with disabilities stripped of their rights to self-determination, to be free from violence and to enjoy a safe and satisfying sexual life.
  • Women around the world are denied the fundamental right of bodily autonomy with the COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbating this situation.

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