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Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3)

  • IASbaba
  • May 10, 2021
  • 0
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Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – II – International Relations 

In news

  • India is participating in the 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) –
  • It is the global platform for discussing research and cooperation in the Arctic region
  • It is the first Ministerial meeting being held in Asia

Important value additions

  • The first two meetings—ASM1 and ASM2—were held in the USA in 2016 and Germany in 2018, respectively.
  • ASM3 is jointly organised by: Iceland and Japan. 
  • The meeting is designed to provide opportunities to various stakeholders to enhance collective understanding of the Arctic region, emphasize and engage in constant monitoring, and strengthen observations.
  • Theme: ‘Knowledge for a Sustainable Arctic’.

India and Arctic

  • India’s engagement with the Arctic began in 1920 with the signing of the Svalbard Treaty in Paris. 
  • Since July 2008, India has a permanent research station in the Arctic called Himadari at Ny Alesund, Svalbard Area in Norway.
  • Since 2013, India enjoys ‘Observer’ status in the Arctic Council with twelve other countries (Japan, China, France, Germany, UK, Italy, Switzerland, Poland, Spain, Netherlands, Singapore, and South Korea).
  • It has also deployed a multi-sensor moored observatory called IndARC in the Kongsfjorden fjord since July 2014.
  • The launch of NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) satellite mission by India, in collaboration with the USA, is underway. 
  • India also contributes to the Sustained Arctic Observational Network (SAON).
  • The research in the Arctic region from India is coordinated, conducted, and promoted by the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa, under the Ministry of Earth Sciences

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