Mars Landing by China

  • IASbaba
  • May 17, 2021
  • 0
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Mars Landing by China

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Sci & tech 

In news

  • China landed a spacecraft on Mars carrying its first Mars rover in a big boost to its space ambitions.

Key takeaways 

  • China had in July 2020, launched its first Mars mission, called Tianwen-1, carrying a lander and rover.
  • Tianwen-1 had been in orbit since February. 
  • Recently, a lander descended successfully on the surface of Mars carrying a rover named Zhurong. 
  • Only Russia and the U.S.A had previously carried out a successful landing on Mars.
  • The rover will provide “first-hand materials for research on the Mars’ space environment, surface topography, and soil structure.

Do you know? 

  • In 2019, the fourth lunar probe, Chang’e-4, carried out the world’s first landing on the far side of the moon. 
  • The Mars mission was launched the following year.
  • Last month, a Long March-5B Y2 rocket carried out the first of three components for the space station, called the Tianhe or Heavenly Harmony module.

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