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NITI Aayog’s Project for Great Nicobar Island 

  • IASbaba
  • May 13, 2021
  • 0
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NITI Aayog’s Project for Great Nicobar Island 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – III –  Environment

In news

Key takeaways 

  • The committee has, however, removed the first hurdle faced by the project.
  • It has “recommended” it “for grant of terms of reference (TOR)” for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies, which in the first instance will include baseline studies over three months.
  • The proposal includes an international container transshipment terminal, a greenfield international airport, a power plant and a township complex spread over 166 sq. km. (mainly pristine coastal systems and tropical forests), and is estimated to cost ₹75,000 crore.

Important value additions 

Galathea Bay

  • Galathea Bay is the site of the port and the centrepiece of the NITI Aayog proposal.
  • It is an iconic nesting site in India of the enigmatic Giant Leatherback, the world’s largest marine turtle.
  • A number of species are restricted to just the Galathea region. 
  • These include the critically endangered Nicobar shrew, the Great Nicobar crake, the Nicobar frog, the Nicobar cat snake, a new skink (Lipinia sp), a new lizard (Dibamus sp,) and a snake of the Lycodon species that is yet to be described.

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