Delimitation in Jammu and Kashmir started 

  • IASbaba
  • June 23, 2021
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Delimitation in Jammu and Kashmir started 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS -II – Polity and Governance

In news

  • Recently, the delimitation exercise has started in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
  • The completion of the delimitation exercise will mark the political process in the Union Territory (UT) that has been under Centre’s rule since June 2018.
  • After the abrogation of its special status under Article 370, on 5th August, 2019, a special delimitation commission was constituted in March, 2020 to carve out Assembly and Parliament seats in the UT.

What is Delimitation?

  • It is the act of fixing or redrawing the boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having a legislative body, as per the Election Commission.
  • The delimitation exercise is carried out by an independent high-powered panel known as the Delimitation Commission whose orders have the force of law and cannot be questioned by any court.
  • Aim:
  • To have equal representation to equal segments of the population in order to ensure a fair division of geographical areas.

Constitutional Basis for Delimitation

  • Article 82: The Parliament enacts a Delimitation Act after every Census.
  • Article 170: States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.

Delimitation Commission:

  • The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India.
  • It works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
  • Composition:
    • Retired Supreme Court judge
    • Chief Election Commissioner
    • Respective State Election Commissioners.

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