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‘Ecosystem Restoration for people, nature and climate’ report by UNEP

  • IASbaba
  • June 8, 2021
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‘Ecosystem Restoration for people, nature and climate’ report by UNEP

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Conservation; Climate change

In news

  • ‘Ecosystem Restoration for people, nature and climate’ report was recently published by the United Nations environment programme (UNEP). 
  • The report has been published in Association with Food and Agriculture Organisation for UN Decade on ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030. 
    • Ecosystem restoration means assisting in the recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded or destroyed, as well as conserving the ecosystems that are still intact. 

Key findings of the report 

  • We are using the equivalent of 1.6 Earths to maintain our current way of life and the ecosystem is unable to keep up with our demands. 
  • Every year ecosystem services worth more than 10% of our global economic output are lost. 
  • Around 1/3rd of the world’s farmland is degraded
  • About 87% of Inland wetlands worldwide have disappeared since 1700.  
  • 1/3rd of commercial fish species are over-exploited
  • Degradation is already affecting the well-being of 40% of the world’s population. 
  • Countries need to deliver on their existing commitments to restore 1 billion hectares of degraded land and make similar commitments for Marine and coastal areas. 
    • Restoration is essential for keeping Global temperature is below 2° Celsius 

Recommendations 

  • Restoration and avoiding degradation.
  • Large scale investments in dryland agriculture 
  • Mangrove protection 
  • Water management 

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