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Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve

  • IASbaba
  • July 8, 2021
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Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve

Part of: GS Prelims and and GS III – Conservation

In news: Recently, a rare Melanistic Leopard (commonly known as Black Panther) has been recorded in Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve (NNTR) of Maharashtra.

About Melanistic Leopard/Black Panther

  • The melanistic leopards are either all-black or very dark in coloration.
  • It is a color variant of spotted Indian leopards, reported from densely forested areas of south India.
  • Black coat coloration is attributed to the expression of recessive gene in leopards and dominant gene in jaguars. 
  • In each species, a certain combination of gene stimulates the production of large amounts of the dark skin pigment melanin in the animal’s fur and skin.
  • It is as shy as a normal leopard and very difficult to detect.
  • Habitat:
    • They are mainly found in Southwestern China, Burma, Nepal, Southern India, Indonesia, and the southern part of Malaysia.
    • In India they can be spotted in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra etc.
  • Threats: Habitat loss, Collision with vehicles, Diseases, Human encroachment, Poaching.
  • Protection Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
    • CITES: Appendix I.
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I.

About Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve 

  • NNTR was notified as 46th tiger reserve of India on 12thDecember, 2013. 
  • Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve has connectivity with the major tiger reserves in Central India like,
    • Kanha and Pench tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh,
    • Tadoba-Andhari Tiger reserve in Maharashtra,
    • Indravati Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh,
  • It is also connected to important tiger bearing areas like Umred-Karhandla sanctuary and Brahampuri Division (Maharashtra).
  • It is one of the six Tiger reserve of Maharashtra 
    • Melghat Tiger reserve (1974)
    • Tadoba Tiger Reserve (1993)
    • Pench Tiger Reserve (1999)
    • Sahyadri Tiger Reserve (2007)
    • Bor Tiger Reserve (2014)

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