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National Mission on Edible Oil-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP)

  • IASbaba
  • August 10, 2021
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National Mission on Edible Oil-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS- III – Food processing and related industries in India

In news Indian Prime Minister recently announced National Mission on Edible Oil-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) initiative on palm oil production to help increase farm incomes.

  • Rs. 11,000 crores over five year period will be invested in the edible oil ecosystem through this mission  

What are the key features of the Scheme? 

  • Objective: To ensure self-sufficiency in edible oil production.
  • Aim: To reduce import dependence from 60% to 45% by 2024-25, by increasing domestic edible oil production from 10.5 million tonnes to 18 million tonnes which is a 70% growth target. 
  • Farmers will get all needed facilities, from quality seeds to technology. 
  • Along with promoting the cultivation of oil palm, this mission will also expand the cultivation of our other traditional oilseed crops. 

What is the need for such schemes? 

  • India is the largest consumer of vegetable oil in the world. 
  • India’s Palm oil imports are almost 60% of its total vegetable oil imports.
  • Recently, India’s dependence on expensive imports has driven retail oil prices to new highs.
  • In India, 94.1% of its palm oil is used in food products, especially for cooking. Thus, palm oil is extremely important to India’s edible oils economy.
    • The oil is used in food manufacturing, in beauty products, and as biofuel
    • Palm oil accounted for about 33% of global oils produced from oil crops in 2014. 
    • Top consumers: India, China, and the European Union (EU).

Do you know? 

News Source: TH

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