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Brahmani River

  • IASbaba
  • September 6, 2021
  • 0
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Brahmani River

Part of: Prelims and GS – I- Geography

Context: Environmentalists have expressed concern over the massive diversion of fresh water from the Brahmani river basin, which could pose a grave threat to the famous mangrove vegetation in Odisha.

  • The Talcher-Angul coal mines, steel and power plants as well as the Kalinganagar steel and power hub are drawing enormous quantities of fresh water from the Brahmani river.

About:

  • The Brahmani is a major seasonal river in the Odisha state of eastern India. 
  • The Brahmani is formed by the confluence of the Sankh and South Koel rivers.
  • Together with the river Baitarani, it forms a large delta before emptying into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamra.
  • Bhitarkanika — a notified Ramsar wetland — is spread over 195 sq. km and is home to 62 mangrove species. 
  • Proportionate fresh water flow from the Brahmani river basin and the Kharasrota river keep the salinity level of the water along the shore down.

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