G20 Extraordinary Summit on Afghanistan
Part of: Mains GS-II: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
In News: India participated virtually in the G20 Extraordinary Summit on Afghanistan
- Convened by Italy (holds the G20 Presidency)
- Issues: related to the humanitarian situation; concerns relating to terrorism; and human rights in Afghanistan.
India’s Views on Afghanistan
- Over the last two decades, India has contributed to promoting socio-economic development and capacity building of youth and women in Afghanistan (over 500 development projects)
- Emphasized the need for the international community to ensure that Afghanistan has immediate and unhindered access to humanitarian assistance.
- There’s a need to enhance our joint fight against the nexus of radicalization, terrorism and the smuggling of drugs and arms in the region.
- Conveyed support for the important role of the United Nations in Afghanistan and called for renewed support of the G20 for the message contained in UN Security Council Resolution 2593 on Afghanistan.
What is G20?
- The G20 is the international forum that brings together the world’s major economies.
- Its members account for more than 80% of world GDP, 75% of global trade and 60% of the population of the planet.
- The G20 comprises 19 countries and the European Union. The 19 countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States
- The forum has met every year since 1999 and includes, since 2008, a yearly Summit, with the participation of the respective Heads of State and Government.
News Source: PIB