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Global Hunger Index ranks India at 101 out of 116 countries

  • IASbaba
  • October 15, 2021
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Global Hunger Index ranks India at 101 out of 116 countries

Part of: Prelims and GS I – Society

Context The Global Hunger Index ranked India at 101st out of a total 116 countries. 

Key takeaways

  • Only 15 countries fare worse than India which includes countries like Papua New Guinea (102), Afghanistan (103), Nigeria (103), Congo (105), Mozambique (106), Sierra Leone (106), Timor-Leste (108), etc.
  • India is also behind most of the neighbouring countries. Pakistan was placed at 92 rank, Nepal at 76 and Bangladesh also at 76.
  • Somalia has the highest level of hunger according to the 2021 GHI ranking
  • Current projections based on the Global Hunger Index (GHI) show that the world as a whole — and 47 countries in particular — will fail to achieve even low hunger by 2030.
  • After decades of decline, the global prevalence of undernourishment is increasing. This shift may be an indication of reversals in other measures of hunger.

What is the Global Hunger Index?

  • The GHI is an annual peer-reviewed publication by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. 
  • It aims to track hunger at global, regional and national levels. 
  • It uses four parameters to calculate its scores – 
    • Undernourishment
    • child wasting
    • child stunting and 
    • child mortality.
  • Information from the World Health Organization, the World Bank and the United Nations are taken to calculate these parameters.
  • All these international organisations draw from national data, which, in India’s case, includes the National Family Health Surveys (NFHS).

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