India to hold first 2+2 with Russia

  • IASbaba
  • November 18, 2021
  • 0
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India to hold first 2+2 with Russia

Part of: Prelims and GS-II – International relations

Context India and Russia shall hold their first “2+2” format talks in December.

  • A number of agreements on defence, science and technology and trade are expected to be announced.
  • A “fundamental change” in the defence relationship since 2018 has taken bilateral contracts from $2-3 billion per year to $9-10 billion, making Russia India’s “top defence partner”.


  • The 2+2 format is particularly significant since India conducts joint foreign and defence ministerial meetings only with its closest ‘Quad’ partners — the U.S., Japan and Australia.
  • The 2+2 is also expected to look further afield in building India’s ties with Central Asia and Russia’s engagement in the Indo-Pacific.

Russian 2+2

  • Russia thus far has the 2+2 format for “problem solving” with countries such as Japan, France and earlier with the U.S. 

Defence deals awaiting conclusion

  • Two major defence deals awaiting conclusion are the AK-203 assault rifles and the Igla-S very short range air defence systems. 
  • India and Russia are expected to sign the Reciprocal Exchange of Logistics Support Agreement and a Navy-to-Navy cooperation MoU.

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