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Scorpene class submarine INS Vela

  • IASbaba
  • November 29, 2021
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Scorpene class submarine INS Vela

Part of: Prelims and GS-III – Defence and security 

Context The fourth Scorpene class conventional submarine, INS Vela , was commissioned into the Navy 

Key takeaways 

  • With this, the Navy currently has 16 conventional and one nuclear submarines in service. 
  • Vela is named after a type of Indian fish belonging to the stingray family. 

Navy’s Project-75

  • Six Scorpene submarines are being built under Project-75 by India under technology transfer from France under a $3.75-bn deal. 
    • The first submarine INS Kalvari was commissioned in December 2017. 
    • Second submarine INS Khanderi in September 2019. 
    • Third one INS Karanj in March 2021. 
    • The fifth submarine, Vagir , was launched in November 2020. 
    • Sixth one Vagsheer is in the advanced stage of outfitting.

India’s further plans

  • India plans to install Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) modules on all Scorpene submarines from 2023 to enhance their endurance.
  • After the Project P-75I, the Navy intends to design and build conventional submarines indigenously. 

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