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Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

  • IASbaba
  • December 6, 2021
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Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

Part of: Prelims and GS-II- Health 

In News: The Lok Sabha passed the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020, that proposes the establishment of a national registry and registration authority for all clinics and medical professionals serving in the field. 

Key Takeaways

  • The ART bill seeks to set minimum standards and codes of conduct for fertility clinics and egg/sperm banks.
  • The bill provides for the “safe and ethical practice of assisted reproductive technology services”, including egg or sperm donation, in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), and gestational surrogacy.
  • The bill also aims to introduce protections for egg donors, gestational surrogates, and children conceived through ART services.
  • Offences under the bill include 
    • Clinics offering sex selection
    • Abandoning or exploiting children born through ART
    • Selling, buying, or importing of human embryos, 
    • Exploiting the couple or donors concerned in any form. 
  • Proposed jail terms for violations range from five to 12 years, and fines from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

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