Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA)
Part of: Prelims and GS-II – Citizenship
Context Two years after the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA) was passed by Parliament, the Union Home Ministry is yet to notify the rules governing the Act.
- The legislation cannot be implemented without notifying the rules.
What is the Citizenship (Amendment) Act?
- Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019.
- It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a pathway to Indian citizenship for persecuted religious minorities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis or Christians, and arrived in India before the end of December 2014.
- The law does not grant such eligibility to Muslims from these Muslim-majority countries.
- The act was the first time that religion had been overtly used as a criterion for citizenship under Indian law and attracted global criticism