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Garbage Free Cities

  • IASbaba
  • December 25, 2021
  • 0
UPSC Articles
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Garbage Free Cities

Part of: Prelims and GS III – Economy

Context Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), launched the ‘Azadi@75 Star Rating Protocol of Garbage Free Cities- Toolkit 2022′.

  • It is the most important governance tool of waste management – the Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free Cities.

Key takeaways 

  • On 1st October 2021, Prime Minister had launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0, with the overall vision of creating “Garbage Free Cities” (GFC).
  • For achieving this vision, a key objective under SBM-U 2.0 is to make every urban local body at least 3-star Garbage Free as per the Star Rating protocol.

Key revisions in the protocol are:

  • The earlier 25 components have now been reduced to 24.
  • Only 16 indicators are mandatory for 1-star and 3-star levels. The remaining 8 indicators are aspirational in nature, and will be relevant for 5-star and 7-star aspirants.
  • The multi-step calculation of the previous GFC protocol has now been changed to a single step marking, which will help ULB to easily self-assess themselves .
  • Higher weightages (50%) are allotted to Door-to-Door Collection, Source Segregation, Waste processing & Dumpsite remediation.

About Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 envisions to:

  • Make all cities ‘Garbage Free’ and ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT, 
  • Make all urban local bodies as ODF+ (open defecation free) and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++
  • The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilizing the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management.

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