Spot-Billed Pelicans

  • IASbaba
  • January 28, 2022
  • 0
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Spot-Billed Pelicans

Part of: Prelims and GS-III Biodiversity

Context: A nematode infestation has led to mass mortality of spot-billed pelicans (Pelicanus philippensis) at Telineelapuram Important Bird Area (IBA) in Naupada swamp, Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh.

Key takeaways 

  • Over 150 spot-billed pelicans have succumbed to the infestation since December.
  • The infestation has affected Only the adult birds.
  • The Telineelapuram IBA is the prime winter sojourn for the spot-billed pelican for breeding. 
    • The same IBA is also a breeding habitat for the painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala).

Spot-billed pelican

  • The spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) or grey pelican is a member of the pelican family. 
  • It breeds in southern Asia from southern Iran across India east to Indonesia. 
  • It is a bird of large inland and coastal waters, especially large lakes
  • The species is found to breed only in peninsular India, Sri Lanka and in Cambodia
  • The main habitat is in shallow lowland freshwaters. 
  • IUCN status: Near Threatened

News Source: TH

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