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Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization” (SMAM)

  • IASbaba
  • January 24, 2022
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Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization” (SMAM)

Part of: Prelims and Mains GS-III: Agriculture

In News: In a major boost to promote precision farming in India, guidelines of “Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization” (SMAM) have been amended which envisages granting upto 100% of the cost of agriculture drone or Rs. 10 lakhs, whichever is less, as grant for purchase of drones.

Some of the information that drones can help us with:

  • Plant counting: plant size, plot statistics, stand number, compromised plots, planter skips),
  • Plant height: crop height and density
  • Vegetation indices: leaf area, anomaly detection, treatment efficacy, infestations, phenology
  • Water needs: damage/drown out

Drones ensure a permanent monitoring of the crop in the field from planting to harvest.

Advantages of using drone in farming – 

  • Optimize inputs: Seeds, fertilizers, water
  • React faster to threats: Weeds, pests, fungi
  • Save time crop scouting: Treatments & actions
  • Improve Variable Rates Application: Real time mapping
  • Estimate yield: Precisely calculate field characteristics

News Source: PIB

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