Year End Review of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Part of: Prelims and Mains GS-3- Skill Development
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 3.0
PMKVY 3.0 will encourage and promote skill development throughout the country to address the industry needs, meet the market demands, impart skills in services and in new-age job roles that have become crucial in the post- pandemic era.
- Create an ecosystem for the youth to make informed choices on the available skilling avenues.
- Provide support to youth for skill training and certification.
- Promote sustainable Skill Centres for greater participation of private sector.
- Benefit 8 lakh youth across the country.
Schemes under PMKVY 3.0:
- Customized Crash Course Programme for COVID Warriors under PMKVY 3.0: Aims to meet the upsurge in demand of skilled healthcare professionals and associated professionals from logistics sector, reduce the burden of existing healthcare professionals and provide timely healthcare services in every corner of the country.
- Upskilling for Weavers and Artisans in Traditional Crafts in Nagaland and Kashmir- A RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning) project under PMKVY 3.0 is being implemented with value addition services such as Entrepreneurship Building and design development (RPL Type 1 with Bridge Module).
- Special project on revival of Heritage Namda Craft in Jammu & Kashmir- Aims to address skills development needs in the Craft of Namda that is practiced mainly in Kashmir, with a reasonable scale (2,250 beneficiary candidates over 24 months) to deliver real, visible and holistic benefits.
- Upskilling for Street Food Vendors (for e-cart license) in East Delhi Municipal Corporation- RPL for 2500 street food vendors who apply for e-cart license to upskill them and make them well versed in hygiene, safety, customer centricity, digital transactions, and entrepreneurship skills.
- Launch of RPL project in Nagaland: For upskilling the cane and bamboo artisans of Nagaland under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), component of PMKVY; to upskill the local weavers and artisans to enhance their productivity through RPL assessment and certification in traditional handicrafts. The project targets to upskill over 4,000 craftsmen and artisans.
Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)
- A Centrally sponsored scheme of MSDE, loan assisted by the World Bank.
- Objective: to strengthen the short-term skill ecosystem and to address key issues of skilling in the country; met through its three key result areas namely
(i) Institutional Strengthening at National, State & District level;
(ii) Quality improvement of skill development programmes; and
(iii) Inclusion of marginalized population in skill development programmes.
National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS)
- To promote the apprenticeship programme in India by introducing a package of financial incentive to establishments engaging apprentices.
- This package is specially intended to support and promote apprenticeship in the MSME segment for enhancing its productivity and competitiveness as well capacity building.
Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) Scheme
- Providing vocational skills to non-literates, neo-literates and school dropouts by identifying skills that have a market in the region of their establishment.
Skill Development Programmes of India
|Industrial Training Centres (ITIs)||1950||Central Sector||To expand and modernize the existing Long-Term Training ecosystem in India.|
|Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)||2015||Central Sector||To provide free skill training avenues to youths of India.|
|National Career Service Project||2015||Central Sector||To offer free online career skills training through its National Career Service (NCS) project for job-seekers registered with it.|
|Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)||2016||World Bank assisted-Government of India project||To improve the performance of ITIs. To improve the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships.|
|Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana (Yuva Udyamita Vikas Abhiyan)||2016||Centrally sponsored||To create an enabling ecosystem for Entrepreneurship development through Entrepreneurship education and training; Advocacy and easy access to entrepreneurship support network and Promoting social enterprises for inclusive growth.|
|Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood (SANKALP)||2018||Centrally Sponsored Scheme collaborated with the World Bank.||District-level skilling ecosystem through convergence and coordination.|
|Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS)||2019||Central sector||To provide industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates exiting in April 2019 through the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS).|
|Atma Nirbhar Skilled Employee Employer Mapping (ASEEM)||2020||To help skilled people find sustainable livelihood opportunities.|
|Skill Management and Accreditation of Training Centres (SMART)||It provides a single window IT application that focuses on the accreditation, grading, Affiliation and Continuous monitoring of the Training Centres (TC) in the skill ecosystem.|