Asia’s biggest Bio-CNG plant
Part of: Prelims and GS-III Renewable energy
Context: Indian Prime Minister will virtually inaugurate Asia’s largest Bio-CNG plant at Indore in Madhya Pradesh.
- This Bio CNG plant will be operated from 100% wet waste.
- This plant is built on PPP mode, from which Indore Municipal Corporation will get revenue of 2.5 crores per annum.
- About 400 buses of Indore can be run daily with the gas generated from the Bio-CNG plant.
- Mission directors of Swachch Bharat Mission from about 20 states of the country will also participate in the programme.
Important value addition
- Coal, crude oil and natural gas are all fossil fuels and are used to produce diesel, gasoline, and kerosene.
- Fossils fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of organic matter from dead animals and plants.
- As fossil fuel resources are finite and are among the biggest contributors to climate change, it is critical that we meet our energy needs from renewable resources.
- India’s renewable energy resource potential is significant, with solar, wind, biomass, and small hydropower representing the technologies having the largest potential.
- Among all, biomass warrants special attention.
- All the living matter present on earth derived from growing plants including algae, trees, and crops or from animal manure is called biomass.
- Anaerobic digestion of biomass is the process in which organic matter, in the absence of oxygen, is mainly transformed into a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide which is usually referred to as biogas.
- Biomethane can also be compressed and bottled into cylinders and it is called Bio-Compressed Natural Gas (Bio-CNG) or simply Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG)
News Source: AIR