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Asia’s biggest Bio-CNG plant

  • IASbaba
  • February 18, 2022
  • 0
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Asia’s biggest Bio-CNG plant

Part of: Prelims and GS-III Renewable energy

Context: Indian Prime Minister will virtually inaugurate Asia’s largest Bio-CNG plant at Indore in Madhya Pradesh. 

Key takeaways 

  • This Bio CNG plant will be operated from 100% wet waste. 
  • This plant is built on PPP mode, from which Indore Municipal Corporation will get revenue of 2.5 crores per annum.
  • About 400 buses of Indore can be run daily with the gas generated from the Bio-CNG plant.
  • Mission directors of Swachch Bharat Mission from about 20 states of the country will also participate in the programme.

Important value addition

  • Coal, crude oil and natural gas are all fossil fuels and are used to produce diesel, gasoline, and kerosene. 
  • Fossils fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of organic matter from dead animals and plants.
  • As fossil fuel resources are finite and are among the biggest contributors to climate change, it is critical that we meet our energy needs from renewable resources. 
  • India’s renewable energy resource potential is significant, with solar, wind, biomass, and small hydropower representing the technologies having the largest potential. 
  • Among all, biomass warrants special attention. 
    • All the living matter present on earth derived from growing plants including algae, trees, and crops or from animal manure is called biomass.
  • Anaerobic digestion of biomass is the process in which organic matter, in the absence of oxygen, is mainly transformed into a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide which is usually referred to as biogas.
  • Biomethane can also be compressed and bottled into cylinders and it is called Bio-Compressed Natural Gas (Bio-CNG) or simply Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG)

News Source: AIR

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