Part of: Prelims and GS-III Space; Science and technology
Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO has successfully launched the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C52 from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
- The PSLV-C52 mission has also injected three satellites into the orbits.
- It has placed an EOS-04 radar imaging satellite weighing 1710 kgs into orbit.
- EOS-04 is designed to provide high-quality images under all weather conditions for applications such as agriculture, forestry and plantations, soil moisture and hydrology and flood mapping.
- This satellite will be positioned into a Sun synchronous polar orbit gradually.
- As a co-passenger INS-2TD technology demonstrator satellite and INSPIRE sat 1 student satellite were also placed into orbit.
- INS-2TD is a precursor to India-Bhutan Joint Satellite INS-2B.
- INS-2TD carries a thermal imaging camera to assess land and water surface temperature and thermal inertia at day and at night.
- INSPIRE sat-1 is a small satellite from the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology in association with the Laboratory of Atmospheric and Space Physics at University of Colorado.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the third generation launch vehicle of India.
- It is a four-staged launch vehicle with first and third stages using solid rocket motors and second and fourth stages using liquid rocket engines.
- It is the first Indian launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages.
News Source: AIR