No-fly zone

  • IASbaba
  • March 17, 2022
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No-fly zone

Part of: Prelims and GS-III Defence and security

Context: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has been asking

western nations to consider setting up no-fly zones to protect civilians and also prevent a nuclear accident. 

  • However, NATO nations repeatedly rejected the demand to impose a no-fly zone, because of the dangers of escalation of the war

About No-fly Zone

  • A no-fly zone is an area established by a military power over which unauthorized aircrafts are not allowed to fly.
  • It is also known as no-flight zone (NFZ) or air exclusion zone (AEZ). 
  • No-fly zones are generally established by a nation in an enemy nation’s territory during a conflict or war.
  • No-fly zone aims to prevent the operation of enemy nation’s aircraft in the region. 
  • After the imposition of a no-fly zone by a country, generally, military personnel are deployed to enforce it and also for surveillance purposes. 
  • To prevent violations, a country may even resort to preemptive attacks on aircrafts.
  • No-fly zone was earlier set up during the 1991 Gulf War in Iraq, civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1993-95), and the 2011 Civil war in Libya.
  • However, no-fly zones are not just permitted in the military context. 
  • They can be even established for civilian purposes. For example, it was set up during the Olympic Games held in London in 2012.

News Source: TH

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