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Ethanol Blending

  • IASbaba
  • May 10, 2022
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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In News: Petroleum Minister has stated that the level of ethanol blending in petrol in India has reached 9.99 per cent

Ethanol Blending

  • India had targeted 10 per cent ethanol blending in petrol by the end of 2022 and 20 per cent blending by 2030
  • But recently Government of India has advanced the target for 20% ethanol blending in petrol to 2025 from 2030
  • The Centre has also targeted 5 per cent blending of biodiesel with diesel by 2030

Ethanol

  • It is one of the principal biofuels, which is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes such as ethylene hydration
  • The ethanol blending programme is aimed at reducing the country’s dependence on crude oil imports, cutting carbon emissions and boosting farmers’ incomes.
  • The Centre has also announced an additional duty of Rs 2 per litre on unblended fuels starting October to incentivise blending

Source: Indian Express

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Is it possible to produce algae based biofuels, but what is/are the likely limitation(s) of developing countries in promoting this industry? (2017)

  1. Production of algae based biofuels is possible in seas only and not on continents
  2. Setting up and engineering the algae based biofuel production requires high level of expertise/ technology until the construction is completed
  3. Economically viable production necessitates the setting up of a large scale facilities which may raise ecological and social concerns

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

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