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Swadeshi Darshan 2.0

  • IASbaba
  • October 22, 2022
  • 0
History and Art and Culture
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In news: The government recently revamped the scheme as Swadesh Darshan 2.0 (SD2.0) to develop sustainable and responsible destinations with tourist and destination centric approach.

About SD 2.0:

  • Fifteen States are part of the first phase which include Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
  • Two destinations from each State have been identified.
  • Some of the prominent places identified are Jhansi and Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh, Gwalior, Chitrakoot and Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh and Ajanta and Ellora in Maharashtra.
  • India’s new domestic tourism policy moves away from theme-based tourist circuits and focuses on revving up destination tourism.
  • The Swadesh Darshan scheme is 100% centrally funded.
  • The scheme has been revamped with the mantra of “vocal for local” and seeks to provide financial support to strengthen tourist infrastructure.
  • Domestic tourist visits in 2021 were around 677 million and in 2022 is 572 million.

Significance of the scheme:

  • To enhance the contribution of tourism to local economies.
  • To create jobs including self-employment for local communities
  • To enhance the skills of local youth in tourism and hospitality
  • To increase private sector investment in tourism and hospitality
  • To preserve and enhance local cultural and natural resources
  • Destination division as adventure tourism, beach tourism, wellness tourism, cco-tourism and several other categories would help segregate the tourists as per their preference”.

About SD 1.0:

  • It was launched by the Centre in 2014-15 for the integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits.
  • Some of the prominent circuits launched under this were the Buddhist tourist circle, Ambedkar Tourist Circle and the North-East Tourist Circle.
  • Under the scheme, the Ministry of Tourism provides financial assistance to State governments for development of tourism infrastructure in the country.
  • The scheme was envisioned to synergise with other government schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, and Make in India.
  • Challenge: Part 1 of Swadesh Darshan I had faced some criticism mainly pertaining to resources being spread thin due to the many destinations being covered and too many stakeholders being involved.

          

Significance of tourism:

  • Contribution of tourism to the employment of the country: According to the third Tourism Satellite Account is 14.78%, 14.87 % and 15.34 % for 2017-18, 2018-19, and 2019-20 respectively.
  • The total jobs generated by the by tourism are 72.69 million (2017-18), 75.85 million (2018-19) and 79.86 million (2019-20).
  • Local community would immensely benefit as It would help create jobs and skill development among the natives.
  • It shall directly boost the economy of the region.

Source: The Hindu

 

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