1st Biodiversity Heritage site in TN

  • IASbaba
  • November 26, 2022
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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In News: The Tamil Nadu Government, issued a notification declaring Arittapatti and Meenakshipuram villages in Madurai district the first biodiversity heritage site in the State.

Biodiversity Heritage sites (BHS):

  • “Biodiversity Heritage Sites” (BHS) are well defined areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems – terrestrial, coastal and inland waters and, marine  having rich biodiversity comprising components such as
  • species richness, high endemism, presence of threatened species, keystone species or land races, or biological components having cultural or aesthetic values.
  • As per Section 37 of the Biological Diversity Act, State Governments are empowered to notify such sites, in consultation with ‘local bodies’.
  • State Government in consultation with the Central Government may frame rules for the management and conservation.
  • Significance:
  • protecting its rich and exclusive ecosystem
  • conservation ethics in the community

About Arittapatti:

  • Arittapatti BHS is 139.63 hectares in Arittapatti village (Melur block) and 53.8 hectares in Meenakshipuram village (Madurai East taluk).
  • Arittapatti village, known for its ecological and historical significance, houses around 250 species of birds including three important raptors – birds of prey, namely the Laggar Falcon, the Shaheen Falcon and Bonelli’s Eagle.
  • It is also home to wildlife such as the Indian Pangolin, Slender Loris and pythons
  • The area is surrounded by a chain of seven hillocks or inselbergs that serve as a watershed, charging “72 lakes, 200 natural springs and three check dams
  • The Anaikondan tank, built during the reign of Pandiyan kings in the 16th century is one among them.
  • Several megalithic structures, rock-cut temples, Tamil Brahmi inscriptions and Jain beds add to the historical significance of the region.

Source: The Hindu

Previous Year Question

Q1.) The most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of (2014)

  1. biosphere reserves
  2. botanical gardens
  3. national parks
  4. wildlife sanctuaries


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