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Asian Conference on Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition (ASCODD)

  • IASbaba
  • November 15, 2022
  • 0
Science and Technology
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Context: Recently, the 16th Asian Conference on Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition (ASCODD) was held at Kolkata.

Theme: “Prevention and control of cholera, typhoid and other enteric diseases in low and middle-income countries through community participation: beyond the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic”.

Focus Areas:

  • Epidemiology of cholera and typhoid
  • Roadmap to end Cholera by 2030, Cholera vaccine development and rapid diagnostics,
  • Contemporary perspectives of antimicrobial resistance of enteric bacteria: new Initiatives and challenges,
  • Enteric bacterial infections, including Shigella spp, epidemiology, burden, and
  • vaccines against other viral infections, including Hepatitis,
  • Lessons learned about diarrhoea research during the COVID pandemic.

About Diarrhea:

  • Gastrointestinal infection leading to Loose, watery and possibly more-frequent bowel movements

Caused by:

  • A Variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms.
  • Infection is spread through contaminated food or drinking-water, or from person to person as a result of poor hygiene.
  • Associated with other symptoms: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or weight loss.
  • Measures to treat diarrhoea:
  • Rehydration with oral rehydration salts (ORS) solution
  • Rehydration may require intravenous fluids in case of severe dehydration or shock.
  • Zinc supplements
  • Nutrient-rich foods.

Achievements of India:

  • India successfully ran a free vaccination program with record break vaccination of more than 219 crores.
  • India provided vaccinations to other nations so that it can win over the pandemic together. Effective use of safe and affordable vaccines,
  • Various Health initiatives under Digital India initiative:
    • Online Registration System,
    • eHospital for hospital management,
    • eSanjeevani telemedicine app

Source: PIB

 

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