Context: Recently the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikhs was commemorated.
About Guru Tegh Bahadur:
- Tegh Bahadur was born in Amritsar on April 21, 1621 to Mata Nanki and Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh guru, who raised an army against the Mughals and introduced the concept of warrior saints.
- After Guru Ram Das, the fourth Sikh guru, the guruship became hereditary.
- Aurangzeb was the ruling Mughal emperor at the time Guru Tegh Bahadur’s guruship.
- His sermons, delivered in a mix of Sadukhri and Braj languages.
- While the guru was on the way back from Dhaka, Raja Ram Singh sought his help to broker a truce with the Ahom king.
- Gurdwara Dhubri Sahib on the banks of the Brahmaputra commemorates this peace accord.
- The guru was also honoured at Guwahati’s Kamakhya temple.
- The Guru himself went to Delhi where he revealed his identity, and was arrested by the Mughals.
- Aurangzeb ordered the public execution of the Guru on November 11, 1675 after the guru declined to embrace Islam.
- Gurdwara Sis Ganj was built on the site on which they were executed.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Question
Q.1) With reference to Indian history, who of the following were known as “Kulah-Daran” ? (2022)
- Arab merchants
- Persian calligraphists