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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONENT & BIODIVERSITY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 42]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 42]

 


Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding Pygmy Hog:

  1. They are the rarest and smallest breed of Pigs.
  2. It is a critically endangered species found in tropical evergreen forests of western ghats.
  3. Pygmy Hog sucking louse, a critically endangered species of insect, is a parasite found only on Pygmy hog. Extinction of Pygmy hog will lead to its extinction too.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.2) The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Which of the following statements are correct about Ramsar Convention?

  1. The convention was signed in 1971 in the city of Ramsar, Iran.
  2. Only natural wetlands are included under Ramsar Convention.
  3. Conference of Parties (CoP), is the Convention’s Governing body consisting of all governments that have ratified the treaty.

Select the code from below:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.3) There are two types of ‘Biogeochemical cycles’: the gaseous and the sedimentary cycles. Consider the following statements:

  1. In the gaseous cycle, the main reservoir of nutrients is the atmosphere and the ocean.
  2. In the sedimentary cycle, the main reservoir is the soil and the sedimentary and other rocks of the earth’s crust.

Which of the above statement(s)  is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding Oxygen Cycle:

  1. Oxygen is the main by-product of respiration process.
  2. Oxygen is the most abundant element in the earth’s crust.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.5) Consider the following statements:

  1. Nitrogen can be fixed in the atmosphere by lightning and cosmic radiation.
  2. Denitrification is the process of conversion of nitrogen into nitrates.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.6) Which of the following are the type of temperate grasslands?

  1. Prairies
  2. Steppe
  3. Savanna
  4. Velds

Select the code from below:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1,2 and 4

d) 3 and 4 


Q.7) Consider the following statements:

  1. Genetic diversity exists within species only.
  2. Naturally interbreeding can occur within species.

Select the correct statement(s) from above:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 and 2


Q.8) Which of the following has a negative effect on agro-biodiversity?

  1. GM crops
  2. Fertilizers
  3. Organic farming
  4. Polyculture

Select the code from below:

a) 1 only

b) 1,2 and 3

c) 1 and 4

d) 2,3 and 4


Q.9) UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments. Which of following Indian Biosphere reserves comes under the category of MAB?

  1. Nilgiri
  2. Gulf of Mannar
  3. Agasthyamala
  4. Rann of Kutch

Select the code from below

a) 1 and 2

b) 1,2 and 3

c) 2,3 and 4

d) All of the above 


Q.10) ‘Dirty Dozen’ refers to:

a) 12 most harmful Greenhouse Gases

b) 12 Ozone Depleting Substances

c) 12 Persistent Organic Pollutants

d) 12 carcinogenic metals


Q.11) Why biodiversity is rich in Tropics compared to Temperate?

  1. Tropics have had more stable climate
  2. Warm temperatures and high humidity in most tropical areas
  3. Tropical communities are older than temperate ones
  4. Greater pressure from pests, parasites and diseases in tropics

Which of the statements given above is/are correct reasons for the same?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.12) Which among the following statement/s is/are correct in regard to National Parks, Wildlife Sancturies and Biosphere Reserves?

  1. The rights of the people living inside the National parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are tightly regulated
  2. National parks provide outdoor recreation, camping opportunities and are designed to educate the public on the importance of conservation activities
  3. Tourism is normally not permissible in Biosphere Reserve
  4. In National Parks and Biosphere Reserves, boundaries are fixed by legislation. However, boundaries of sancturies are not sacrosanct

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.13) Which organisation released the recent report ‘Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database 2016’?

a) World Health Organization

b) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

c) United Nations Development Programme

d) Médecins Sans Frontières


Q.14) Consider the following statements:

  1. A biodiversity hotspot is a region with a high number of endemic species.
  2. The concept of biodiversity hotspots was originated by Norman Myers.
  3. Hotspots are formally recognised or governed areas.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.15) Which lake is the biggest for Brackish Water (Saline) lagoon, it is set to be India’s biggest and world second biggest coastal lagoon?

a) Lunar Lake, Maharashtra

b) Sambhar Lake, Rajasthan

c) Chilika Lake, Orissa

d) Kuttanad lagoon, Kerala


Q.16) Consider the following statements with regard to Snow Leapord, classified as Endangered by the IUCN, which was recently in news:

  1. The snow leopard is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.
  2. Snow leopards inhabit alpine and subalpine zones at elevations from 3,000 to 4,500 m (9,800 to 14,800 ft).
  3. It is found in Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh.

Choose the appropriate code from below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) All of the above


Q.17) When a fossil fuel burns, two of the gases that contribute to acid rain are released. These two gases are:

a) methane and carbon dioxide.

b) nitrogen and sulfur dioxide.

c) methane and sulfur dioxide.

d) carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide.


Q.18) Consider the following statements about Basel Convention:

  1. It is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations.
  2. It specifically focuses on to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).
  3. It also addresses the movement of radioactive waste between different nations.

Select the correct code:

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.19) Consider the following statements about World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

  1. WWF is an international non-governmental organization
  2. WWF headquarter is located in Switzerland
  3. The group’s mission is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature

Choose the correct code

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) All of the above


Q.20) Which of the following is/are not an ingredient of Smog?

  1. Nitrogen oxides
  2. Hydrocarbons
  3. Polycarbonates
  4. Ozone

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 4 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) None of the above


Q.21) Consider the following differences between HRIDAY and PRASAD Schemes by the Government—

  1. PRASAD is under Tourism Ministry while HRIDAY is under Urban Development Ministry.
  2. HRIDAY cities are chosen based on it elements governing faith, spirituality and religion whereas PRASAD cities are chosen based on their heritage status.

Select the correct option exhibiting the correct difference/s between HRIDAY & PRASAD:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above


Q.22) Consider the following statements:

  1. The accompanying melody to this dance form is simply to express adoration for the Supreme Being.
  2. The final dance known as ‘tillana’, finds its origin in the ‘tarana’ of Hindustani Music.
  3. It heavily leans on ‘abhinaya’ and is conducted by the Nattuvanar.

Choose the correct dance-form described above:

a) Kuchipudi

b) Bharatnatyam

c) Kathakali

d) Sattriya


Q.23) Which of the following statement/s is/are true?

  1. FIIs are restricted from participating in commodities trading at exchanges.
  2. A committee headed by Shanta Kumar suggested the possible merger of FMC with SEBI, citing the reason that the structure of the FMC is not fully suited to the challenges of an emerging market and needed to be overhauled.

Choose the correct option:

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above


Q.24) Which committee was asked to submit a report on the IPL?

a) Meiyappan Committee

b) Mudgal Committee

c) Lodha Committee

d) Kundra Committee


Q.25) Which of the following would be the first preferred category of preference in order to acquire weapons as mentioned in the DPP 2016?

a) Fast-track Clearance Method

b) Superior Technology Accreditation Method

c) IDDM Method

d) Lowest Bidder Method


 

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