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IASbaba’s 60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2018 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [Day 52]

  • IASbaba
  • May 11, 2018
  • 62
IASbaba Prelims 60 Days Plan
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Hello Friends, 

Welcome to Day-52.

Importance of Self – Tracking: Learning from Last Year

Last year, aspirants used to comment their answers in the comment box on daily basis. There were huge participation in discussion. Putting answers in comment box has been very effective to self-track yourself after updating the score. In the end, you can cross check your performance through Disqus profile.

It was highly effective in the last edition of 60 Days that propelled aspirants to monitor their performance and learn through discussion. Let you solve these questions with full honesty and write your result in the comment box. Interact with peers to know your mistakes.

The importance of this initiative stands time-bound and aggressive reverse engineering to learn the concepts. Many of you must be busy with your own strategy but let us tell you honestly that in the last two months, it is very important to revise and consolidate your learning. Just reading won’t suffice.

So, take out few hours from your schedule and make it a revision exercise.

How can you make the best use of it?

Be honest to your effort and do not start competing with XYZ aspirants here just for the sake of marks. It is more important for you to introspect and check your learning than focusing on others. Try to answer the questions in 20 minutes only. 

Do not get into negative feeling that I don’t have enough knowledge to answer these questions. Feel like you are taking the real exam. What would be your response then?

The same will be replicated in UPSC exam. Here, you get marks only and nothing else matters. So, make effort to know the answers to all questions. Do not cheat 😛

 

DETAILED MICRO ANALYSIS MATRIX SAMPLEis given here. You can download this and do an assessment for yourself.  DOWNLOAD

  • You can copy paste the same format/modify as per your need in Google Spreadsheet and update it on daily basis.
  • Feedback talks about daily test results.
  • Follow-up talks about daily target achieved from sources and the number of revisions to do/done and dates. Sources column is to ensure that aspirants do not run behind various sources and follow the same throughout.

 

Are you ready? Let’s start!


[Day 52]: ENVIRONMENT AND CURRENT AFFAIRS


Q.1) With regard to sub-soiling consider the following statements.

  1. greater volume of soil may be obtained for cultivation of crops.
  2. reduce runoff and soil erosion.
  3. excess water may percolate downward to recharge permanent water table.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.2) It is defined as direct or indirect harmful effect of one plant over the other crop species through the exudation of toxic substances from the roots or the decomposition of crop residues. It is

  1. Forest Pathology
  2. Allelopathy
  3. Phytochemical
  4. Allomone

Q.3) The Earth Summit resulted in which of the following documents

  1. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  2. Agenda21
  3. Forest Principles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 only
  4. 2 only

Q.4) With regard to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consider the following statements.

  1. These are also known as “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
  2. The SDGs build on the principles agreed upon in entitled “The Future We Want”.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None

Q.5) ‘Our Common Future’ report released by

  1. Brundtland Commission.
  2. UN Conference on the Human Environment
  3. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
  4. General Assembly Special Session on the Environment

Q.6) With regard to Social Progress Index consider the following statements.

  1. It measures the extent to which countries provide for the only the social needs of their citizens.
  2. It is based on the writings of Amartya Sen, Douglass North, and Joseph Stiglitz.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None

Q.7) With regard to World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) consider the following statements.

  1. It is also known as Rio+10 conference.
  2. It was held in Rio de Janeiro.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None

Q.8) Megadiverse Nation status is conferred by Conservation International. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Mega Biodiverse Nations?

  1. They should have 0.5% of the total species of vascular plants or 1000 endemic vascular plant species.
  2. They should have a marine ecosystem.
  3. India is Mega biodiverse Nation.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 3 only
  4. None of the above

Q.9) Biodiversity is seen at different levels. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding genetic diversity?

  1. It refers to differences in genetic make – up of individuals in a particular species.
  2. It helps specie to adapt to changing environment increasing its chances of survival.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.10) Which of the following abiotic factors are responsible for maintaining biodiversity in the World?

  1. Temperature
  2. Water
  3. Sunlight
  4. soil
  5. Honey bees

Select the code from following:

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2, 3 and 5
  4. All of the above

Q.11) Which of the following statements are correct regarding Eurythermal Animals?

  1. These animals are able to sustain a long range of temperature.
  2. Their bodies are able to maintain a constant internal temperature irrespective of change in external temperature.
  3. They migrate or hibernate in case of extreme cold temperatures.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.12) Which of the following adaptations are correctly matched?

  1. Desert plants have a thick cuticle on their leaf surfaces and have their stomata arranged in deep pits
  2. Mammals from colder climates generally have shorter ears and limbs to minimise heat loss.
  3. Aquatic mammals have thick layer of fat under their skin.
  4. People living in higher altitude have higher Red blood cell count.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2, 3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.13) Keystone species play an important part in an ecosystem. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding keystone species?

  1. The removal of these species from ecosystem can destroy the entire ecosystem.
  2. These species are usually critically endangered.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.14) Which of the following statements correctly explains ‘Catabolism’?

  1. It refers to breaking down of detritus material into smaller particles.
  2. It refers to break down of organic material into smaller inorganic molecules.
  3. It refers to the process of digestion of food in the digestion system.
  4. None of the above

Q.15) Consider the below statements with reference to Koalas:

  1. Koala bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae.
  2. They are found on the continents of North America, Europe, and Australia.
  3. They are considered to be vulnerable according to IUCN.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Q.16) India has launched Green Growth Equity Fund (GGEF) to invest in green Infrastructure Projects. Which of the following statements regarding GGEF are correct?

  1. It is a joint fund between India and European Union.
  2. It aims to leverage private sector funding in Green Infrastructure projects in India.
  3. The joint fund will be established under NIIF.

Select the code from below:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.17) Consider the below statements with regard to National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC)

  1. It is a Central Sector Scheme.
  2. The projects related to adaptation in sectors such as agriculture, animal husbandry, water, forestry, tourism etc. are eligible for funding under NAFCC.
  3. National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is the National Implementing Entity for implementation of adaptation projects under NAFCC.

Which of the above given statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.18) National Wetland Atlas has been prepared by which of the following?

  1. Ministry of Water Resources
  2. Wetland International
  3. Survey of India
  4. Indian Space Research Organization

Q.19) Which of the statements given below is/are correct?

  1. National Ganga Council is under chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
  2. Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

Choose the correct code from the following

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None

Q.20) What is a Mixotroph?

  1. It is an organism that can use different sources of energy and carbon
  2. It is an automaton that displays human-like traits
  3. It is a bacteria that can behave like a virus
  4. It is an organism that cannot produce its own food, relying instead on the intake of nutrition from other sources of organic carbon

Q.21) This bird, found only in the arid grasslands and scrub lands of central and west-central India including Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, is known for its ability to mimic 34 other bird species. Which bird is this?

  1. Rose-ringed parakeet
  2. Common Minah
  3. Tawny lark
  4. Red-whiskered Bulbul

Q.22) Consider the following statements about E-Way Bill System

  1. It offers the technological framework to track intra-state as well as inter-state movements of goods under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime
  2. One e-way bill will be valid throughout the country for the movement of goods and it does away with the separate transit pass for every state
  3. It has to be generated only for goods transported through roadways

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 1 and 3
  3. 1 and 2
  4. All of the above

Q.23) Consider the following statements about ‘CRISIL Inclusix’

  1. It is an index to measure India’s progress on financial inclusion
  2. Life insurance and Pension data are included to compute the Inclusix

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.24) Consider the following statements about ‘Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children’ (CCPWC)’

  1. It will be funded through Nirbhaya fund
  2. Over 27,000 police personnel across the country will be trained to tackle cybercrimes against women and children under the scheme
  3. It facilitates removal of child pornographic content in coordination

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.25) Consider the following statements about ‘SUVIDHA napkins’

  1. It is biodegraded when it reacts with oxygen, after it is used and discarded
  2. It is launched under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)
  3. It was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.26) Turkey border which of the following countries?

  1. Greece
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Bulgaria

Select the correct code:

  1. 2 Only
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above

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