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‘Bulk of Jharkhand’s deleted ration cards weren’t fake’

  • IASbaba
  • February 22, 2020
  • 0
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‘Bulk of Jharkhand’s deleted ration cards weren’t fake’

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- Vulnerable section

In news:

The randomised control study found

  • 90% of ration cards deemed fake and deleted by the Jharkhand government between 2016 and 2018 actually belonged to existing, valid households.
  • Almost 56% of these deleted ration cards were not linked with Aadhaar. 
  • 18 starvation deaths have been reported in Jharkhand due to lack of access to subsidised food, mostly because beneficiaries’ ration cards were not linked to Aadhaar.

Government data

  • 5.9% (1.44 lakh) ration cards were deleted out of a total 24.5 lakh cards 
  • Study found 88%, were found to belong to valid beneficiary families
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 21st February 2020

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 21st February 2020

Source: The Hindu

From Prelims Point of View:

Randomized controlled trial

  • A randomized controlled trial is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment that aims to reduce certain sources of bias when testing the effectiveness of new treatments; 
  • This is accomplished by randomly allocating subjects to two or more groups, treating them differently, and then comparing them with respect to a measured response. 
  • One group—the experimental group—has the intervention being assessed, while the other—usually called the control group—has an alternative condition, such as a placebo or no intervention.
  •  The groups are followed under conditions of the trial design to see how effective the experimental intervention was.
  • Treatment efficacy is assessed in comparison to the control. There may be more than one treatment group or more than one control group.
  • Back in the late 1990s, this was not a well-known concept, let alone a widely practised research method. Moreover, research in economics was still largely theoretical although the shift in a more empirical direction had already started.

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