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Swachh Bharat Mission second phase

  • IASbaba
  • February 20, 2020
  • 0
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Swachh Bharat Mission second phase

In news:

  • The Centre will begin implementing the second phase of its Swachh Bharat mission in rural areas
  • Focusing on solid and liquid waste management and the sustainability of the abolition of open defecation.
  • Budget for 2020-21 had allocated ₹9,994 crore for the first year of the mission’s Phase-II.
  • Scheme will be implemented by the States, with a fund sharing pattern of 60:40 between the Centre and the States.
  • In the north-eastern and Himalayan states, the Central share will be 90%.

From Prelims point of view:

Swachh Bharat Mission

  • The Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) entered its fifth and final year of implementation.
  • Aim to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th Birth Anniversary.
  • SBM is a demand-centric model. 
  • It focuses on behaviour change to generate demand for sanitation services by the rural population which is then followed by supply.

Progress

  • Rural sanitation coverage from 39% in October 2014 to 95% in 2018.
  • 8.7 crore household toilets have been constructed 
  • 93.4% of the households in rural India who have access to a toilet use it

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