India is host to 457 migratory fauna
Part of: GS Prelims – Environment and GS Mains III- Conservation
- The total number of migratory fauna from India comes to 457 species
- Birds comprise 83% (380 species)
- Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) had for the first time compiled the list of migratory species of India under the CMS before the Conference of Parties (COP 13)
- The Asian elephant was added to Appendix I and the urial to Appendix II.
- The largest group of mammals is definitely bats belonging to the Family Vespertilionidae.
- Dolphins are the second highest group of mammals with nine migratory species of dolphins listed
Source: The Hindu
From Prelims Point Of View
Convention for the conservation of migratory species or Bonn Convention
- Signed in 1979 in Germany and is known as the Bonn Convention
- Environmental treaty of the UN that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats
- Only global convention specialising in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.
- Appendix I of the Convention lists ‘Threatened Migratory Species’.
- Appendix II lists ‘Migratory Species requiring international cooperation’