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Global Terrorism Index (GTI), 2019: India ranks seventh worst terrorism affected country

  • IASbaba
  • April 30, 2020
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Global Terrorism Index (GTI), 2019: India ranks seventh worst terrorism affected country

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Terrorism

In News:

  • India is ranked as seventh worst terrorism affected country in Global Terrorism Index (GTI) 2019 report. 
  • India is even worse affected than other conflict-ridden countries like Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Sudan, Burkina Faso, Palestine and Lebanon.
  • Meanwhile, India’s think tank, NITI Aayog has questioned the methodology adopted by the report. 

Key takeaways:

  • Deaths from terrorism fell for the fourth consecutive year, after peaking in 2014.
  • Afghanistan has replaced Iraq as the most affected country by terrorism.
  • India has moved to the seventh position from the previous year’s eighth in the annual Global Terrorism Index (GTI) 2019.
  • Other countries ahead of India are:
    • Afghanistan (most affected) 
    • Iraq
    • Nigeria
    • Syria
    • Pakistan
    • Somalia

Important value additions:

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) 

  • It is a report published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), a global think tank 
  • It is headquartered in Sydney, Australia.
  • The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism since 2000. 
  • GTI scores are directly used in the Global Peace Index, the Global Slavery Report,
  • It is also indirectly used in reports of World Economic Forum’s Travel and Tourism Competitiveness and Global Competitiveness Indices and compilation of Safe Cities Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

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